Bone grafting is a procedure where bone is used to reconstruct areas in the jaw with inadequate bone, so that implants can be placed. The source of bone can be iether patients' own bone, of artificial bone (calcium particles).
Diagram below shows the sequence of events following a tooth loss. The alveolar bone will gradually recede, leaving bone which is much smaller than before. The reduced bone height is inadequate to support a denture, and makes implant placement impossible.
What are dental implants?
Dental implant is a titanium implant that is placed into the jaw/gum to replace missing teeth. Why titanium? Titanium is the most inert (accepted by human body) and there is no known case of titanium allergy, and it doesn't corrode compared to metal such as iron etc.
Dental implant is one of the latest innovation in dentistry. Previously, any missing teeth can only be replaced with a denture, which is although removable is troublesome and not accepted by everyone. Although dentures are still available as an easier and cheaper option of treatment, dental implant has become more popular because it is the best replacement for natural teeth.Dental implant is placed to replace the root of the tooth. Once the healing process is completed (around 3 months) the preparation can be made for construction of tooth. The teeth are normally made of porcelain, the shape and colour is 'custom-made' to complement the rest of the teeth.
There are a few factors that you have to consider when thinking about dental implant treatment. They are:
1) Treatment preferably carried out by qualified specialists - implant surgery can be complicated by inadequate bone, or other important structure such as nerves. Specialists such as Oral and Maxillofacial surgeons are able to perform additional procedures such as bone grafting without having to refer to another specialists/clinics.
2) Implants used are from internationally recognised manufacturers. The products normally have gone through clinical trials and proven to be successful, hence the cost is a bit higher. They also offers lifetime warranty, should any failure occurs the implants will be replaced free of charge. This is very important especially for those seeking treatment overseas.
3) The implants used are normal implants and not mini implants. Mini implants has a fairly limited use. Although the cost is cheaper, they are not meant to replace normal implants in most cases.
4) Surgeries are carried out in a clean, dedicated surgery room , with adequate sterilised instruments. Instruments that are not properly prepared will increase the risk of implant failures.
TMJ disorders are medical problems related to the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), the joint that connects the lower jaw to the skull. These problems can cause pain, difficulty chewing, and other issues.
You can feel your TM joints by placing your fingers directly in front of your ears and opening your mouth. What you're feeling are the rounded ends of your lower jaw as they glide along the joint socket of your temporal bone (that's the part of your skull that contains your inner ear and temple).
TMJ disorders can affect people of any age. The cause of some TMJ disorders can be traced to trauma from a severe blow to the jaw, degeneration of the joint, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis or other forms of inflammation. The causes of many cases of TMJ disorders, however, aren't always clear.Some experts believe that responses to stress or anxiety may be a primaryor contributing causal factor.
What Are the Signs and Symptoms?
Signs and symptoms of TMJ disorders may include:
Pain or tenderness of your jaw
Aching pain in and around your ear
Difficulty chewing or discomfort while chewing
Aching facial pain
A clicking sound or grating sensation when opening your mouth or chewing
Locking of the joint, making it difficult to open or close your mouth
An uneven bite, because one or more teeth are making premature contact
You may feel pain or tenderness, even when you aren't moving your jaw.
But in most cases, the pain or tenderness worsens when you move your jaw. Jaw clicking is common and doesn't always signal a problem. If there's no pain or limitation of movement associated with your jaw clicking, you probably don't have a TMJ disorder.
When to seek medical advice
If you have persistent pain or tenderness in your TMJ, cheek, facial pain and experience clicking or grating when you chew or move your jaw, or if you can't open or close your jaw completely, seek medical attention. Your doctor, dentist or a TMJ specialist can discuss possible causes and treatments of TMJ disorders with you.
Removal of wisdom tooth
Why do we remove wisdom teeth?
Wisdom tooth, as commonly known, is actually the third molar tooth. For most of us wisdom teeth are the last teeth in the mouth, usually erupted during the late teens or early 20's. For most of us wisdom teeth are either fully erupted, partially erupted or do not erupt at all. It is common to have some discomfort during eruption of wisdom teeth, epecially the lowers. The most common complaint is pain and swelling. This is normally followed by fever, difficulties in mouth opening, and of course eating. These will normally subside after a few days, however some will require a visit to the dentist or Oral Surgeons for cleaning and a course of antibiotics and painkillers.
Subsequently the teeth might require removal. Since most of wisdom teeth, mainly the lower, are impacted, removal means a minor oral surgical procedure.
It can be carried out under a local anaesthesia, or if you prefer general anaesthesia at a private hospital setting.
The reasons why wisdom teeth have to be removed:
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